Diet and Nutrition

What is Diet and Nutrition

Diet and Nutrition can be explained as follows:
What is meant by Diet?
Diet is the combination of different food types you choose to eat. A healthy, balanced diet will nourish your body.

What is nutrition?
Nutrition is the food consumed that nourishes the body for growth, repair and maintenance based on the right amount of minerals, vitamins, and other components derived from different food types.

Diet and nutrition

Health is a state of complete well-being. The type of diet you consume determines the quality and quantity of nutrients obtained which can impact your health positively or negatively.

Effects of poor diet

The right diet with a variety of food types containing sufficient amounts of nutrients will provide the correct dietary requirements for good health.

However, malnutrition occurs due to insufficient nutrients in foods from a diet which is not balanced and can result in deficiency disorders and lower the immune system over a period of time.

Additionally, wrong food choices can increase the risk of obesity, diabetes, cancer and heart diseases. 

Eating fast foods and processed foods should be avoided because of the high fat, sugar and salt content and also the chemical content which will eventually have a negative effect on your health.  

Hypertension, Diabetes, Cancer, Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Obesity are some of the health problems caused by poor diet choices.

Benefits of a balanced diet

>Enhances energy levels
>Boosts the immune system to fight off disease 
>Maintains a healthy weight
>Increases well-being and longevity
>Improves the condition of hair, skin and nails
>Strengthens teeth and bones

>Maintains good health
>Improves mental health and mood 

Your dietary needs largely depend on your age range and level of physical activity.

It's impossible to find a single food classification that provides all the nutrients for your body to function effectively. So, a combination of different food types is necessary to provide the right amount of nutrition to the body.

Healthy Choices

A balanced diet is made up of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fat, fibre, fruit and vegetables and water and each of these food types has its nutritional components that make for a healthy balanced diet.

Meal plan using the food groups below:

  • Reduce the consumption of food and drinks with added sugar and salt content
  • Eat different varieties of vegetables daily
  • Eat a moderate amount of fruits every day
  • Limit consumption of alcohol
  • Use a minimal amount of salt
  • Avoid processed foods
  • Choose foods that contain more vitamins and minerals

The effects of diet and nutrition on the health are multifaceted and as such it requires an holistic approach by ensuring all the different food types are integrated when you plan a meal, to stay healthy and strong.

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